The 4th Anti-Money Laundering Directive requires the Member States to keep a central register of the beneficial or true owners of firms within their respective jurisdictions. Likewise for trusts and other legal arrangements.
In 2018 the European Council issued the Directive (EU) 2018/843 (the “5th Anti-money laundering Directive”), which amended the 4th Anti-Money laundering Directive. Under the revised provisions, EU Member States were required to launch publicly accessible registers of beneficial ownership of companies.
The 5th Anti-Money Laundering EU Directive was transposed into Cyprus Legislation through the Prevention and Suppression of Money Laundering Activities Laws of 2017-2021 (the “Law”) on 23 February 2021.
According to the Law, companies and any other legal entities incorporated in the Republic of Cyprus must obtain and hold adequate, accurate and current information on their beneficial ownership, including details of the beneficial interests held.
The Law provides the establishment of a central beneficial owner register of the companies or other legal entities (“Entities” or “Entity”). The beneficial owner register (the “BO register”) is a centralized register that contains information about the beneficial owners of Entities that fall under the Law.
Definition of Beneficial Owner
According to the Law, Beneficial Owner (hereinafter referred to as the “BO”) means: ‘Beneficial owner’ means any natural person(s) who ultimately owns or controls the customer and/or the natural person(s) on whose behalf a transaction or activity is being conducted and includes at least:
A. In the case of corporate entities:
The natural person(s) who ultimately owns or controls a legal entity through direct or indirect ownership of a sufficient percentage of the shares or voting rights or ownership interest in that entity, including through bearer shareholdings, or through control via other means, other than a company listed on a regulated market that is subject to disclosure requirements consistent with Union law or subject to equivalent international standards which ensure adequate transparency of ownership information.
A shareholding of 25 % plus one share or an ownership interest of more than 25 % in the customer held by a natural person shall be an indication of direct ownership. A shareholding of 25 % plus one share or an ownership interest of more than 25 % in the customer held by a corporate entity, which is under the control of a natural person(s), or by multiple corporate entities, which are under the control of the same natural person(s), shall be an indication of indirect ownership. This applies without prejudice to the right of Member States to decide that a lower percentage may be an indication of ownership or control. Control through other means may be determined, inter alia, in accordance with the criteria in Article 22(1) to (5) of Directive 2013/34/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council (3);
if, after having exhausted all possible means and *-provided there are no grounds for suspicion, no person under point (i) is identified, or if there is any doubt that the person(s) identified are the beneficial owner(s), the natural person(s) who hold the position of senior managing official(s), the obliged entities shall keep records of the actions taken in order to identify the beneficial ownership under point (i) and this point;
B. In the case of trusts:
- the trustee(s);
- the protector, if any;
- the beneficiaries, or where the individuals benefiting from the legal arrangement or entity have yet to be determined, the class of persons in whose main interest the legal arrangement or entity is set up or operates;
- any other natural person exercising ultimate control over the trust by means of direct or indirect ownership or by other means;
C. In the case of legal entities such as foundations, and legal arrangements similar to trusts, the natural person(s) holding equivalent or similar positions to those referred to in point (b).
Control via other means may include shareholder’s agreement, the exercise of dominant influence, influence through family links or other types of connection with decision-makers, the holding of negotiable shares or convertible stock, and the power to appoint senior management or any other way.
Purpose of the guidance
This guidance/manual provides information aiming to assist the user in filing the relevant BO information onto the interim system solution that has been developed to facilitate the collection of data for the BO register. The final solution will be established after the conclusion of the interim solution and collection of all BO information.
Cyprus Entities are obliged to identify and record electronically on the BO register, all relevant information of the beneficial owner/s who own or control them. This is also applicable to companies that provide administrative (including nominee shareholder) services to their clients. Entities are also obliged to always keep the BO register updated.
This guidance for the interim solution of the BO register does not constitute a legal advice on the input of the information of the BO(s). The Registrar bares no liability on any decisions taken by the management of the legal entities to disclose or not and/or input or not, the BO(s) information on the BO Register.
The Registrar of Companies cannot provide any legal advice.
Furthermore, the beneficial owners information of corporate and other legal entities in some cases are kept by obliged entities under the provision of the Law in the framework of due diligence measures and on the basis of the law regulating Companies providing administrative services and related matters of 2012 to 2020.
This document aims to provide guidance for the interim solution to Entities established or registered in the Republic on fulfilling their obligations regarding the registration of their beneficial owners to the BO register.
The BO register
According to the Directive regarding the Central Register of Beneficial Owners of Companies and Other Legal Entities (the “Directive”) of Registrar of Companies and Official Receiver (the “Registrar”), the Registrar maintains and publishes exclusively in electronic form the information regarding the BO register. Filing of beneficial ownership details with the BO register will be performed by entering the required information for each beneficial owner through an on-line portal. There are no paper forms to be submitted or any filing fee.
Entities are considered:
- Companies incorporated or registered under the Companies Law Cap.113,
- European Public limited liability Companies
- The Directive does not apply to the following companies:
- Company listed on a regulated market that is subject to disclosure requirements consistent with Union law,
- Companies whose directors submitted an application for strike off pursuant to Article 327 (2A) (a) of the Companies Law, prior to the commencement of the Directive,
- Companies whose liquidation has been enacted before the commencement of the Directive,
- Overseas companies
In order to obtain access and use the e-filing system, entities and their officers must first obtain access through the government gateway portal “ARIADNI”, if not already registered. For further details about registration to ARIADNI see Part II below.
Information to be filed
The information to be filed in the BO register for each natural person beneficial owner is the following:
- Name, surname, date of birth, nationality and residential address
- Nature and extent of the beneficial interest held directly or indirectly by each beneficial owner, including through percentage of shares, voting rights, or the nature and extent of the Significant influence or control with other means exercised by each controlling person
- Identification document number indicating the type of document and the country of document issuance (Identity card or passport).
- Date on which the natural person was entered in the register as beneficial owner and
- Date on there were changes in the particulars of the natural person or the date on which the natural person ceased to be a beneficial owner
In cases where the shareholding structure of a Cyprus Entity registered in the Republic, leads to Trust/s, Foundation/s, other similar legal arrangements or listed companies as beneficial owner(s), the information to be submitted in the BO register is the following:
- Registration number (if any)
- Country of Jurisdiction
- Business address (not applicable to trust)
- Nature and extent of the beneficial interest held directly or indirectly by each beneficial owner, including through percentage of shares, voting rights or the nature and extent of the Significant influence or control with other means exercised by each controlling person,
- Date on which the Trust, Foundation, Other similar legal arrangements and listed company was entered in the register as beneficial owner and
- Date on which there were changes in the particulars of a Trust, Foundation, Other similar legal arrangements and listed company or the date on which it ceased to be a beneficial owner for BO register purposes.
In case where no natural person is identified as the beneficial owner based on the ownership rights or when there is doubt that the person identified is the beneficial owner, the details of the senior management official must be submitted, indicating whether the person is a director in the company or whether it holds another position, by declaring that position. In this case, the nature and extent of the beneficial interest is not submitted on the system.
The responsibility for the submission of information lies with the Entity and its officials.
Timing of filings
It must be noted, that the interim solution has been developed to facilitate the collection of data required, on the basis of the 4th and 5th AML Directive. A period of 6 months, starting from the 16th March 2021, will be given to all existing entities to submit their BO’s data onto the system.
In case of a change in the information of a BO, an entity and its officers must, within fourteen (14) days from the change, file onto the BO register the information regarding the new BO or the change on the details of an existing BO owner.
Entities registered following the 16th March 2021 (new entities), must, no later than thirty (30) days from the date of their registration, file electronically to the BO Registry, all information in respect of each of their beneficial owner.
During the period from 1st to 31st December of each calendar year, an Entity must confirm electronically, to the Registrar its beneficial owners. It is noted, that this requirement cannot be implemented via the interim solution. It will be implemented with the final system solution to be developed and entities will be informed accordingly by the Registrar.
Penalties (not applicable to the interim solution)
The responsibility for the true and accurate submission of the BO information lays with the Entity itself and any of its officers.
It is highlighted that fines and penalties may be imposed to Entities and their officers that do not comply with the Registrar’s Directives and the provisions of the AML Law regarding the recording of all requested BO data to the BO register. For more details please refer to the Registrar’s Directive.
It must be noted that, during the interim solution no penalties will be imposed (i.e. 6 months from the date the BO registry’s launch).
Access to information submitted to the BO register (partly applicable to the interim solution)
The BO register will become publicly available according to the provisions of the legislation. The following persons shall, in any case, have access to the information concerning the beneficial owner(s) through the electronic BO register:
Competent Supervisory Authorities, the FIU, the Customs Department, the Tax Department and the Police have fast and unlimited access without the submission of a fee and notifying the Entity;
Obliged entities, in the context of conducting due diligence and identification measures for the client as defined in the Law have access to the name, month and year of birth, nationality and country of residence of the BO as well as to the nature and extent of the beneficial interest held, following payment of three euros and fifty cents (€3,50) fee, per Entity
All members of general public have access to the name, month and year of birth, nationality and country of residence of the beneficial owner, as well as the nature and extent of the beneficial interest held, following payment of three euros and fifty cents (€3,50€) fee, per Entity.
It is noted, that for the interim solution access to the BO information will be granted ONLY to Competent Supervisory Authorities, the FIUs, the Customs Department, the Tax Department and the Police, without any restriction and upon submitting a written request to the Registrar of Companies.
This means that for the interim solution the search facility will not be available to obliged entities and any member of the general public.
Competent Supervisory Authorities, the FIU, the Customs Department, the Tax Department and the Police have unrestricted access to the BO information.
Discrepancies (partly implemented with the interim solution)
A discrepancy exists in the case where the information provided in the Register of beneficial owners is inconsistent with the information the competent authorities and/or obliged entities have at their disposal. In these cases, the aforementioned authorities and/or entities must submit relevant documents and information evidencing the discrepancy.
For the interim solution, the discrepancy report will be implemented only for Competent Supervisory Authorities the FIU, the Customs Department, the Tax Department and the Police, upon written request to the Registrar of Companies.
Please review the attached files in PDF for further information such as the legal framework (in Greek), registration instructions (Part II, with extended details and screenshots), and comprehensive case studies (Part III).
For more information and PDF files please visit website here >
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